Social Enterprises and Their Ecosystems in Europe

Comparative synthesis report

This comparative synthesis report provides an overview of the social enterprise landscape in Europe based on information available as of January 2020. The report has been prepared as part of a contract commissioned by the European Commission to Euricse and EMES.

This publication takes up the challenge to shed light on this lesser known segment of the economy in Europe. It collates and interprets the key findings from 35 separate country reports and draws a European picture of social enterprises and the environments in which they operate, the “ecosystems”. The picture includes different traditions, a variety of public policies, diverse legal and institutional frameworks, bottom-up initiatives taken by groups of citizens, and many hurdles and obstacles but also new opportunities.

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